Metro Line A
Metro Line B
Metro Line C
If you plan on being in Prague for a while, you should purchase a multi-day public transportation pass that gives you free access to the metro, trams, buses, funicular, and ferries. You also need additional passes if you want to travel to or within other Czech cities like Plzen, Budvar, Brno, or Marienbad. With a multi-day card, you do not need to stamp passes - but you may be asked to show your card by the Tram Inspector!
For short trips, you can purchase transportation passes and transfer passes at the station. You must stamp your pass with the machine on the tram, bus, or at the metro station. These one-way passes usually expire 30 minutes after they're stamped, so you may need to buy a second pass when you go back.
The Prague Metro (Czech: Pražské metro) is the rapid transit network of public transportation in Prague, Czech Republic. Founded in 1974, the Prague Metro now comprises 3 lines (A, B and C), serving 61 stations (predominantly with island platform), and consists of a transit network 65.2 kilometers (40.5 mi) long. Prague Metro system served 589.2 million passengers in 2012 (about 1.6 million daily), making it the 5th busiest metro system in Europe.
Two types of metro trains are used on the lines of the Prague Metro: 81-71M (a completely modernized variant of the original 81-71) and from 2000 new Metro M1. All the lines are controlled automatically from the central dispatching, the driver is only responsible for opening and closing doors.
- Longest distance between two stations: Nádraží Holešovice & Kobylisy, 2,748 m
- Highest above-sea-level station: Ládví, 282 meters (925 ft)
- Deepest station below surface on line C: Kobylisy, 31 meters (102 ft)
- Highest climb between two stations: Nádraží Holešovice & Kobylisy, 120 meters (390 ft)
The Prague Metro has three lines, each represented by its own color on the maps and signs: Line A (green, 17 stations, 17 km, 1978), Line B (yellow, 24 stations, 26 km, 1985) and Line C (red, 20 stations, 22 km, 1974). There are 61 stations in total (three of which are transfer stations) connected by nearly 66 kilometers of mostly underground railways. The metro service operates from 4-5 am until midnight, with about 110 to 200-second intervals between trains and 4-10 minutes off the rush hours. Nearly 600 million passengers use the Prague Metro every year (about 1.6 million daily).
The metro is run by the Prague Public Transit Company Co. Inc. (in Czech, Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy a.s.) which manages all means of public transport around the city (the metro, tramways, buses, 5 ferries, the funicular to Petřín Hill and the chairlift inside Prague Zoo).
Since 1993, this system has been connected to commuter trains and buses and also to "park-and-ride" parking lots. Together they form an extensive public transportation network reaching further from the city, called Prague Integrated Transport (in Czech Pražská integrovaná doprava—PID). Whilst the large system is zonally priced, the metro is entirely inside the central zone.
Many Prague Metro stations are quite large, with several entrances spaced relatively far apart. This can often lead to confusion for those unfamiliar with the system, especially at the central hubs such as Můstek or Muzeum. In general the stations are well signposted even for those unfamiliar with the Czech language. In the center is planned introduction of multilingual signs. The Prague metro is very safe.
Line A (Prague Metro)
Line A (Czech: Linka A) is a line of the Prague Metro, serving the Czech capital. Chronologically the second line in the system, it was first opened in 1978 and has expanded mostly during the 1980s. With the opening of the extension to Nemocnice Motol on April 6, 2015, Line A operates on approximately 17.1 kilometers (10.6 mi) of route and serves 17 stations. An extension with a further five stations to the airport is currently planned.
Construction of the first segment started in 1973, part of this segment was also a tunnel connecting this line with the already existing Line C between Muzeum and Náměstí Míru stations. After completion of the second section, work was started on the extension to the new metro depot at Hostivař. The 3.4 kilometers (2.1 mi) long tunnel was completed in 1985, and the second tube in 1987 with the new station Strašnická on that line. In 1990 Skalka station was opened, again on that line, and in 2006 Depo Hostivař station was opened, built in a former wash-stand of the depot.
The first phase of a CZK18.7 billion extension on the west end of the A line, from Dejvická to Nemocnice Motol, was opened to the public on the afternoon of April 6, 2015. The second phase of this extension will see the line reach Prague Václav Havel Airport. Finally this phase has not been approved and Airport will be serviced by train only.
Line B (Prague Metro)
Line B (Czech: Linka B) is a line on the Prague Metro. Chronologically the third to open, it was first opened in 1985 and continued to expand in the 1990s. Currently it is the longest line in the network with 24 stations and 25.6 kilometers (15.9 mi) of track.
Line C (Prague Metro)
Line C (Czech: Linka C) is a line on the Prague Metro. It crosses the right-bank half of the city center in the north-south directions and turns to the east at both ends of the line. It is the system's oldest and most used line, being opened in 1974 and transporting roughly 26,900 persons per hour in the peak. The line is 22.41 kilometers (13.92 mi) long and includes 20 stations, journey from one end to the other taking approx. 35 min.
Construction was started in 1966 on an underground rapid tram line. One year later, the project was changed to a metro line. This segment, leading from Florenc to Kačerov, was opened on May 9, 1974. It is 6.6 kilometers (4.1 mi) long and includes 9 stations and a train depot at Kačerov. It is mostly built using cut-and-cover technology, except for bored tunnels around the Pankrác station and crossing of the Nusle valley inside the Nusle Bridge. Between the Muzeum and Hlavní nádraží stations is the shortest distance in the system (ca. 400 m).
Interior of the stations on this segment is made mostly using marble blocks, the main exceptions being Vyšehrad with large glass windows and Budějovická with limestone blocks.
In 1975 commenced the construction of the second segment, going from Kačerov to large housing estates in the southern parts of the city. It is 5.3 kilometers (3.3 mi) long and includes five stations. Interior decoration consists mostly of ceramic tiles, except the end station Háje, using limestone blocks and aluminium tiles.
The third segment, connecting Holešovice district with the city center, was opened in 1984. It is 2.2 kilometers (1.4 mi) long and includes two stations. Its stations are decorated by ceramic tiles similar to the second segment, but here they are larger.
The fourth segment is the only one in the history of Prague metro, which has been divided into two construction segments. The segment IV.C1, opened in 2004, extends from Nádraží Holešovice to the temporary terminus Ládví. It is 4.0 kilometers (2.5 mi) long and contains two stations. Construction of this segment, which began in 2000, is perhaps the most difficult in the history of the Metro. Unique technology was used in constructing the tunnel under the river Vltava: The concrete tunnel tubes were made in a dry dock on the shore, the riverbed was excavated and the tubes were then laid down into the pits. The tunnels were due to the elimination of the piston effect, which is unpleasant to passengers in the stations, built as double-track. Station Kobylisy is the first and as of 2008 only single-vaulted bored station in the prague metro. After opening of the previous segment, the construction immediately continued in the direction of Prosek and Letňany. The construction lasted almost 4 years until it was opened on May 8, 2008. The segment from Ládví to Prosek is built using cut-and-cover methods, while the segment from Prosek to Letňany is mostly bored. It is 4.6 kilometers (2.9 mi) long and contains 3 stations.
Line D (Prague Metro)
There are plans to build a new line, Line D (blue line). Line D would connect the city center to southern parts of the city. According to current plans, the line will start in the center and will lead to Vršovice, Krč, Libuš and Písnice. There will be 10 stations: Náměstí Míru (transfer to line A), Náměstí bratří Synků, Pankrác (transfer to line C), Olbrachtova, Nádraží Krč, Nemocnice Krč, Nové Dvory, Libuš, Písnice and Depo Písnice. Metro D is very important for improving the traffic situation in the southern and southeastern part of the city. In the second stage it is planned to extend this line to Náměstí Republiky (Republic square) or south of Prague. The first stage of Metro D construction will probably start in 2017.
Metro M1 has served on line C since 2000; it completely replaced older cars on this line in 2003. The metro kits were developed specially for Prague. Prague Transport Company (DPP) owns 53 units of this type. These units were manufactured in Prague by consortium consisting of ČKD Praha, ADtranz and Siemens (during the contract Siemens acquired ČKD Praha) mainly between 2000 and 2003. The length of the unit is 96.66 meters, acceleration is 1.3 m/s. Maximal capacity of all the kit is 1464 people (224 sitting, 1240 standing). This unit was also adapted for use in Venezuela on the Maracaibo Metro.
81-71M is modernized variant of the old Soviet 81-71 trains with new motor, technical equipment, interior and exterior. It has served on line A and line B since 1996. The modernization conducted Škoda Transportation between 1996 and 2011. Prague Transport Company owns 93 units 81-71M. The length of the unit is 96.11 meters, acceleration is identical to Metro M1, 1.3 m/s. Similar reconstructions were also made in the Tbilisi metro and Yerevan metro.
"Můstek" means "little bridge" and refers to the area around the Můstek station. The origin of the area's name was not known until remains of a medieval bridge were discovered during construction of the station. The remains were incorporated into the station and can be seen near the northwestern exit of the station.
The escalator at Náměstí Míru (Peace Square) station in Vinohrady is the longest escalator in the European Union (length 87 m, vertical span 43.5 m, 533 steps, taking 2 minutes and 15 seconds to ascend). Náměstí Míru is also the deepest station of the European Union (53 meters).
Between I. P. Pavlova and Vyšehrad stations, Line C runs inside the box structure of the Nusle Bridge over a steep valley.
The terminal station Depo Hostivař was constructed within the buildings of an existing railway depot. The extension is the first segment of the system to be built above ground and not through a tunnel. This station is also interesting that there are not reversing tracks and the train departs from the same track on which arrived.
Anděl station was known as Moskevská (Moscow Station) until 1990. It opened on the same day in 1985 as the Prazhskaya (Prague) station on the Moscow Metro. It contains several pieces of propaganda art promoting Soviet-Czechoslovak friendship. Anděl station, like the Smíchov train station, contains some of the best-preserved examples of Communist-era propaganda art remaining in Prague.
During the communist period rumors circulated that large "survival chambers" were being built for high officials of the government in the case of a nuclear attack. After the fall of communism such areas were shown indeed to exist, but not on the scale envisioned nor fitted out in luxury.
Prague | Czech Republic | Castles | History
New Town | Old Town | Lesser Quarter
Money | Food | Tours | Travel | Shopping
Travel | Metro | Trams | Funicular | Airport
Prague Blog | Resources | Calendar | Maps
FAQs | About | Link to Us | Sitemap | Contact