English: "Czechia" vs. "The Czech Republic"
It is important to recognize the fact that the Czechs decided to create a new Constitutional Republic - rather than a democracy, monarchy, or oligarchy. The Czechs & Slovaks should both be very proud of their newly created free Republics, after the exile of crusading empires, and finally expelling the nazi and communist occupation of their countries! Americans are barely aware of your history, but most are unaware of your new republics - so please use your long names proudly in English: The Czech Republic & The Slovak Republic!
With the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports recommended the use of the name Czechia. Other names proposed in the 1990s included Czechomoravia, Czechovia, Czechistan, and Czechlands. However, a short name has not been fully adopted by Czech authorities. In contrast to this lack of support, the British secretary for press and politics Giles Portman has shown a willingness to accept the name. Portman said: "Czechs still use the name Česká Republika rather than Česko, and the English equivalent, the Czech Republic, rather than Czechia. Were that pattern to change, we would have no problem at all with adapting accordingly. But we feel that the initiative for that change must come from the Czech side and not from us[.]"
In 2013, Czech president Miloš Zeman recommended the wider official use of Czechia, and on April 14, 2016, the country's political leadership agreed to make Czechia the official short name. The new name was approved by the Czech cabinet on May 2, 2016 and was published in the United Nations UNTERM and UNGEGN country name databases on July 5, 2016. On September 23, 2016, the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names began advising Britons to use the name Czechia. On September 26, 2016, the International Organization for Standardization included the short name Czechia in the official ISO 3166 country codes list. Google replaced the Czech Republic with Czechia on Google Maps on January 18, 2017.
Six months after the name Czechia was adopted, The Guardian reported that the new name is hardly in use, even on the official Czech government websites.