Star Game Reserve (Obora Hvězda)
Obora Hvězda (Star Game Reserve) is a 84 hectares (210 acres) forest park (formerly a royal game reserve) in Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic which is now protected as natural monument. It is located about 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) west of city center, surrounded by the neighbourhoods of Liboc (N), Břevnov (E), Bílá Hora (SW) and Ruzyně (W).
First mention of the forest, originally called Malejov dates from 993, when duke Boleslaus II donated it to newly established Břevnov Monastery. It was transformed into a walled game reserve during rule of Ferdinand I in mid-16th century. The current name (hvězda being Czech for "star") derives from the Star Summer Palace, a 16th-century building, which stands in middle of the forest. Battle of White Mountain took place on fields in W/SW vicinity of the game reserve in 1620.
Letohrádek Hvězda (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlɛtoˌɦraːdɛk ˈɦvjɛzda], translating into English as "Star Villa" or "Star Summer Palace") is a Renaissance villa situated in a game reserve of the same name (Obora Hvězda) in Liboc, Prague 6, 7 kilometers west of Prague city center.
The surrounding game reserve was founded in 1530 King Ferdinand I. 25 years later, he commissioned his younger son Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria, to build the villa. The foundations were laid on June 27, 1555 by the Archduke alone, and construction of the villa was completed three years later. The villa is in the shape of a six-pointed star, from where it and the game reserve gained their shared name.
In 1962 the villa was listed as a national cultural monument, which it remains today. An exhibition on the Battle of White Mountain, which took place nearby, is now on display inside the villa which is open to the public.
Nowadays part of the site is designated as a Natura 2000 protected site due to the presence of the narrow-mouthed whorl snail (Vertigo angustior).
The site is home to several bird species including the Middle Spotted Woodpecker.