57 Municipal Districts in Prague (1-22)
Prague has a local-government structure of two or three tiers, depending on the area of town. At the top is the Magistrate of the Capital City of Prague (Czech: Magistrát hlavního města Prahy), which is responsible for public transport; waste collection; municipal police; firefighting; ambulance services; cultural activities; care of historical sites; the Prague Zoo; and other activities of citywide significance.
Since 1990, the city has been divided into 56 (since 1992, 57) self-governing municipal districts (Czech: městské části). The districts are responsible for parks and environmental protection; ordering equipment for schools and volunteer firefighters; some cultural and sports activities; activities for seniors; some social and health programs; cemeteries; and collection of fees for dog tags and the like. Another important activity of the municipal districts is the ownership, maintenance and, sometimes, sale of public property, especially public housing.
Since 2001, the 57 municipal districts have been grouped into 22 numbered administrative districts (Czech: správní obvody), for national-government purposes. One municipal district in each administrative district has responsibility for providing certain services for the entire administrative district. Those services include providing business licenses, identity cards and passports. The municipal district with such responsibility shares a name with the administrative district it serves. For example, the municipal district of Prague 19 provides those services to the municipal districts of Prague 19, Prague-Čakovice, Prague-Satalice and Prague-Vinoř. Residents of Satalice can get dog tags in their neighborhood but must go to Kbely, home of the Prague 19 government, to get an identity card.
Both the citywide government and the municipal districts have elected councils and mayors. The mayor of the Capital City of Prague is known as the primátor, which is sometimes translated into English as "lord mayor" (even though the Czech title carries no connotations of nobility).
From 1960 to 1990, Prague was divided into 10 districts. Those 10 districts are still used for addressing and transportation purposes and, for example, the organization of courts and prosecutions. Street signs additionally add the name of the cadastral area (Czech: katastrální území), which usually reflects the name of an old municipality before its assimilation into the city of Prague. Thus, a sign in Kbely will say "Praha 9-Kbely," not "Praha 19." Prague residents are much more likely to use the name of a cadastral area or a 1960 municipal district than the name of a post-1990 district in everyday communication.
- Castle Town (Hradčany): The historic nexus of the city, and the highest point on the left bank. Mostly belongs to Prague 1, although a small part belongs to Prague 6.
- Lesser Town (Malá strana): The settlement around the castle; location of most governmental authorities, including Czech Parliament. Mostly belongs to Prague 1, although a very small part belongs to Prague 5.
- Old Town (Staré město): The nucleus of the right bank, the oldest part of Prague. The whole Old Town belongs to Prague 1.
- New Town (Nové město): The district adjacent to Old Town, established in the 14th century. Large parts of the New Town belongs both to Prague 1 and Prague 2. A small part belongs to Prague 8.
- Jewish Town (Josefov): A small enclave within Old Town, the old Jewish ghetto. The whole Jewish Town belongs to Prague 1.
- Vysehrad (Vyšehrad): The site of the old Vyšehrad castle south of the medieval Prague. The whole Vyšehrad belongs to Prague 2.
- North Prague: Prague 7, Prague 8 and Prague 9. Prague 7: The large river peninsula just north of the city center. Includes the districts of Letná, Holešovice, Bubny, Bubeneč, Troja as well as a small part of Liben. Prague 8: Karlin is the small strip of land sandwiched between Zizkov and the river and bordering the old town on the west side. Karlin belongs to Prague 8 and prior to 2002, it was a rather unsavory part of the city. After the flood of 2002, Karlin was revitalized and is fast becoming a somewhat conservative, cosmopolitan, professional-class area. On the north-east side, Prague 8 balloons out and encompasses urban areas, business premises and furniture/homeware shopping districts. This is generally not regarded as a tourist area.
- East Prague: Prague 3, Prague 10, Prague 14 and Prague 15. Žižkov is the name of the district referred to as Prague 3. Previously a working class suburb, Žižkov is home to many expats, short term travelers and university students; and sits on a hill on the right side of the old town. The plentiful array of intriguing and often unusual bars and restaurants, combined with a small but dedicated culture of poets, artists and musicians, gives the area its reputation for being both fun, relaxed and alternative. It is considered one of the more Bohemian districts of Prague.
- South Prague: Prague 2, Prague 4, Prague 11 and Prague 12. A large part of Prague 2 is divided between historic quarters of New Town and Vysehrad described in individual articles. The remaining part includes most of Vinohrady. Prague 4 is the biggest and most modern district in Prague.
- West Prague: Prague 5, Prague 6 and Prague 13.
Beyond the 112 cadastral areas, many other Prague settlements, quarters and housing estates are perceived as districts although they don't constitute their own cadastral areas. For example, Barrandov, Spořilov, Sídliště Košík, Zahradní Město, Pankrác, Letná, Bubny, Zlíchov, Klíčov, Butovice, Klukovice, Kačerov, Jenerálka, Šárka, Strahov, Chodovec, Litochleby, Dubeček, Lázeňka, Netluky, Zmrzlík, Cikánka, Kateřinky, Hrnčíře, Pitkovičky, Lahovičky, Dolní Černošice, Kazín, Závist, Baně, Strnady and many others. The biggest panelák complexes are Jižní Město (South City), Severní Město (North City) a Jihozápadní Město (South-West City), all of which consist of partial housing estates. Most of Prague's panel housing estates from 1960s to 1980s have names including the Czech word sídliště', which refers to a post-World War 2 eastern bloc housing estate. Many local names originate from names of historic villages in today's Prague area.